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WITI Hall of Fame

1997 Inductees


Fran Allen Fran Allen
IBM Fellow, IBM

Carol Bartz Carol Bartz
Executive Chairman of the Board, Autodesk

Shaunna F. Black Shaunna F. Black
Vice President, Texas Instruments

Pamela Meyer Lopker Pamela Meyer Lopker
President and Chairman of the Board, QAD

Marcia Neugebauer Marcia Neugebauer
Distinguised visiting scientist, Jet Propulsion Laboratory

ENIAC Programmers ENIAC Programmers
Kathleen McNulty, Mauchly Antonelli, Jean Jennings Bartik, Frances Synder Holber, Marlyn Wescoff Meltzer, Frances Bilas Spence and Ruth Lichterman Teitelbaum

Donna Shirley Donna Shirley
Retired, Manager, Mars Exploration Program

Patty Stonesifer Patty Stonesifer
Chief Exective Officer, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Patricia M. Wallington Patricia M. Wallington
President, CIO Associates, Sarasota, Florida

Rosalyn S. Yalow Rosalyn S. Yalow
Nobel Laureate,



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Featured Profile


Marcia Neugebauer

Marcia Neugebauer

Distinguised visiting scientist, Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Inducted in: 1997

Through her studies of the solar wind, Marcia Neugebauer has developed analytical techniques vital to understanding this flow of energetic particles from the sun and its impact on Earth. As we move into a decade of increased solar activity, the influence of the solar wind on orbital and terrestrial electronics and power systems will increase. In the future, as these communications systems become increasingly important to businesses everywhere, understanding the solar wind will become vital to fine-tuning these technologies.

Ms. Neugebauer's technical specialty is designing space instruments and analyzing data obtained in the solar wind and at comets. She was the Co-Principal Investigator of the Mariner-2 plasma analyzer that made the first unambiguous measurements of the solar wind. She has also worked on instruments that orbited Earth, some set up on the moon by the Apollo astronauts, and others that flew by Halley's comet on the European Giotto mission.

She has held many management and project positions at JPL including Manager of the Physics and Space Physics sections, Acting Manager of the Mariner Mark II study team, and Project Scientist for Rangers 1 and 2 and the Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby mission. She has been Study Scientist for many space missions. She is also the founding Vice-Chairman of JPL's Advisory Council for Women. Ms. Neugebauer's has served on many committees for both NASA and the National Academy of Sciences, most recently chairing the Academy's Committee on Solar and Space Physics. She has also been active in the American Geophysical Union, including terms as Editor-in-Chief of its journal "Reviews of Geophysics" and as the AGU President.

In 1967, the Museum of Science and Industry named Ms. Neugebauer "California Woman Scientist of the Year." She has received three NASA medals: the Exceptional Scientific Achievement Award, the Outstanding Leadership Medal, and the Distinguished Service Medal (the highest award given by NASA).

She majored in physics, receiving a B.A. from Cornell University and an M.S. from the University of Illinois. She was employed at JPL until her retirement in 1996, with intermittent visiting appointments at Cambridge University, Caltech, and UCLA.

More information on Marcia Neugebauer is available at the following:
Pioneers of space physics: A career in the solar wind (PDF)