By Alina Dizik
Buying your first home is exhilarating, exhausting and life-changing. But excited first-time owners may be surprised to discover a range of extra costs once they've closed the deal. Interior upgrades, real estate fees and new appliances can easily eat into your savings (use this mortgage calculator
to determine monthly costs for your new home). Sometimes, newbie homeowners "find themselves not thinking through all these small extras that can really add up," says Manisha Thakor, director of wealth strategies for Women at the BAM Alliance in St. Louis, Miss.
Here's how first-time homeowners can keep expenses in check:
Plan Ahead for Tax Hikes
Taxes throughout many municipalities, including in cities such as Chicago, Dallas and Philadelphia, have increased significantly in the last few years. Speak with your real estate agent to understand the property tax bills of similar homes in the area, suggests Thakor. "These [taxes] are not set in stone," she says. "Do your research before buying to see what the history has been of tax hikes in your community, and how stable the municipality's overall finances are - and whether you should budget for regular increases." Some owners may be eligible for the Homestead Credit, a tax benefit that limits the increase in taxable assessments each year to a fixed percentage for moderate- to low-income earners.
Tap into Appliance Warranties
Even if the dishwasher, refrigerator and water heater work well during the professional home inspection, appliances break often and can be costly to replace. Make sure you get a copy of all existing warranties before you move in, and schedule annual maintenance checks for HVAC systems. As a precaution, replace any worn out parts in appliances that are generally working, such as refrigerator filters or broken dishwasher racks, well before the warranties expire. Learning the age of each major appliance and when it was replaced from the previous homeowner can give you a leg up when budgeting for maintenance-related costs, Thakor adds.
Shop Around for Homeowners Insurance
Proof of homeowners insurance
is often required to secure a mortgage. And that's a good thing, since insurance could protect you against potential disasters including fire, theft and even damage from hail. Look for a policy that best fits the type of home you own and the protection you need. (Get a fast, free quote on homeowners insurance
through the GEICO Insurance Agency.)
Homeowners insurance is typically more comprehensive and more expensive than a renters policy
, but it's worth it because homeowners take on more liability than renters do, Thakor says. Paying for coverage will protect you from major cost outlays if something goes really wrong.
Condo or townhome owners may need to pay into a Homeowners Association master policy as part of their monthly assessment dues, in addition to individual homeowners insurance. For buyers who contribute less than 20% as a mortgage down require private mortgage insurance (PMI). Calculate your PMI here
Consider the Cost of a New Commute
If you end up living further away from the office or even your favorite grocery store, relocating can add an unexpected expense to your monthly budget: the cost of a longer commute. Rather than driving to work and paying extra for gas and parking, keep costs low by carpooling with a spouse or neighbor, says Olga Abezgauz, a Chicago-based real estate broker. Consolidating trips to the supermarket as well as other errands is another way to save.
Budget for Outdoor Upgrades
For apartment dwellers buying their first house, the need to maintain their home's exterior may come as a surprise. Pest maintenance, sealing your driveway and replacing wooden deck floors can run well into the thousands, says Abezgauz. To keep costs manageable, plan any improvements in waves rather than all at once, and hire professionals to handle complicated tasks. "Clients often take on the small outdoor projects as fun and DIY - but they can turn into costly energy-consuming experiences," she warns. As a general rule, projects that take longer than a few hours to complete and require purchasing specialty equipment probably should be left to a pro.
No matter if you're purchasing a condo or a single-family home, GEICO can help you get the right kind of insurance coverage for your home